What is Orthodontics Treatment?
Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. Orthodontic treatment can involve the use of braces, retainers, and other devices to correct misaligned teeth, jaws, and other facial irregularities. Orthodontic treatment can be used to correct crooked teeth, correct an overbite or underbite, correct the shape of the mouth, and help to improve a person's overall facial appearance.
What are the Benefits of Orthodontics?
Improved Oral Health: Orthodontic treatment helps to improve the overall health of your teeth, mouth, and gums by correcting alignment and bite issues that can lead to tooth decay, gum disease, and other oral health problems.
Enhanced Appearance: Orthodontics can help to improve the appearance of your smile by straightening crooked teeth and correcting other alignment issues.
Improved Speech: Orthodontic treatment can also help to improve speech by correcting alignment issues that can affect the way sounds are formed.
Improved Self-Esteem: An attractive, healthy smile can have a major impact on a person’s self-confidence. Orthodontics can help to improve a person’s self-esteem by giving them a beautiful and healthy smile.
Improved Function: Orthodontic treatment can help to improve the function of your teeth and jaw by correcting misalignment issues. This can help to reduce the risk of dental problems in the future.
What is the Procedure for Orthodontics Treatment?
The procedure for orthodontic treatment typically involves:
Initial Consultation - During the first visit, the orthodontist will examine your teeth, jaw, and facial structure. He or she will also take x-rays and photographs to help determine the best course of action.
Treatment Plan - The orthodontist will create a customized treatment plan that meets your specific needs. This may include braces, retainers, or other appliances.
Placement of Appliances – Once the treatment plan is finalized, the orthodontist will place the necessary appliances to help realign your teeth.
Adjustments – During the course of treatment, the orthodontist will make periodic adjustments to the appliances to ensure that your teeth are moving in the correct direction.
Retention – After the braces or other appliances have been removed, the orthodontist may recommend wearing retainers for several months or years to ensure that the teeth stay in the correct position.
Types of Appliances
Braces: Braces are the most common appliance used in orthodontic treatment. They are made up of metal brackets, arch wires and elastic bands that apply pressure to the teeth to move them into the desired position.
Retainers: Retainers are used to maintain the position of teeth after treatment. They can be removable or fixed.
Headgear: Headgear is used to correct the alignment of teeth and jaws. The appliance is usually used in combination with braces.
Palatal Expander: A palatal expander is used to widen the upper jaw. The appliance is usually used in combination with braces to correct the alignment of teeth and jaws.
Herbst Appliance: A Herbst appliance is used to correct the position of the lower jaw. The appliance is usually used in combination with braces to correct the alignment of teeth and jaws.
Fixed Lingual Retainer: A fixed lingual retainer is used to prevent the teeth from shifting when the braces are removed. The retainer is attached to the back of the teeth and is not visible.
Pre-surgical orthodontics is a type of treatment that is used to prepare a patient's teeth and jaws for corrective jaw surgery. It involves the use of braces, retainers, and other appliances to reposition the teeth and jaws into a more ideal position prior to the surgery. This type of treatment may help reduce the amount of time the surgery takes, and it can also reduce the risk of complications associated with the surgery. In addition, pre-surgical orthodontics can improve the aesthetic outcome of the surgery, as well as the patient's overall dental health.
Duration of Treatment
The duration of orthodontic treatment varies greatly depending on the individual case and the severity of the orthodontic problem. Generally, treatment times can range from 6 months to 2 years, although some cases may take longer or shorter periods.